Common Conditions


Macular Degeneration (AMD)

What is age-related macular degeneration (AMD)?

Age-related maculopathy (ARM) and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) describe stages of a degenerative disorder of the central area of the retina (the macula) which is often associated with visual impairment and becomes more common over the age of 50.

The macula is a circular area located centrally in the retina which lines the inside of the eyeball. The retina is a complex multilayered structure composed of multiple cell types required for vision.


Adult Strabismus (or Squint)

What is Strabismus?

Strabismus is a condition in which the eyes are not pointing in the same direction. It has a prevalence of 4% (about half develop a squint in childhood).

Adults with strabismus may complain of diplopia (double vision), visual confusion or rivalry (overlapping images), discomfort or difficulty with reading and driving. Sometimes people have to adopt an unusual head posture or cover one eye to avoid double vision.

They may also find social situations embarrassing as they struggle to make direct eye contact while looking at people.



Uveitis (pronounced you-vee-EYE-tis) defined as inflammation of the uvea.

What is the Uvea?

The uvea consists of the middle, pigmented, vascular structures of the eye and includes the iris, ciliary body, and choroid. If you imagine the eye as a hollow ball, the innermost lining layer is the retina, which senses light and helps to send images to your brain. The outermost layer is the sclera, the strong white wall of the eye.The middle layer between the sclera and retina is called the uvea. The centre of the eye-ball is filled with a clear gel.

Uveitis requires an urgent referral and thorough examination by an ophthalmologist along with urgent treatment to control the inflammation.

The uvea contains blood vessels that carry oxygen to and from the eye.


Emergency Eye Care

Usually you will have presented to your Optometrist or your GP if you find yourself with an eye condition; these professionals will know immediately if you require urgent care by an Ophthalmologist and will generally call to arrange an appointment for you.

Please contact Western Eye (08 9383 5353) for advice if you are unsure as to your eye complaint. Outside of our business hours please attend your local emergency department or consult your after hours GP.